What is a Homeowner Loan?

In this beginner’s guide, we go through the basics of how homeowner loans work…

Updated: September 1, 2023
Matt Crabtree

Written By

Matt Crabtree


Need a sizable loan? You can think about using your home as collateral – but you should have accurate knowledge first. Many potential borrowers lack a solid understanding of what a homeowner loan really is.

We hope this primer helps you better understand homeowner loans and determine whether one is right for you. We outline the potential pitfalls, interest rates, and proper methods for comparing loans. Let’s find out: what is a homeowner loan?

What are homeowner loans? Explained

Let’s start out with a definition. Secured loans, such as those offered to homeowners, are backed by the collateral of the borrower's property. This implies that the lender has the right to take back the house if payments are not kept up. This is not a choice to be taken lightly because of the dire consequences.

Typically, the amount of a mortgage loan is above £25,000, and the loan term may be anything from 1 to 35 years.

A homeowner loan is a kind of secured loan where the collateral is the borrower's residence. The borrower's house is used as collateral, reducing the lender's risk but increasing the borrower's exposure in the event of non-payment of the loan.

Second-charge mortgages are another name for homeowner loans. Despite the differences in terminology, both mortgages and home equity loans are secured by the equity you have built up in your house and may be repossessed if you default on your payments.

You must own your house entirely or have a significant amount of equity in it and be making mortgage payments to qualify for a homeowner loan. The size of the house loan you qualify for will be based on the overall worth of the property and the amount of equity you hold.

Your eligibility for a secured homeowner loan will depend on the same variables as those of any other loan application.

Some unsecured loans require borrowers to have specified assets, but this is not the case with homeowner loans.

Your options overviewed 

What about your various home loan options? 

Loans are complicated, even used to fund wars. For homeowners, there are a variety of interest-rate loans to choose from. What is a homeowner loan in terms of your options?

  • Fixed – the interest rates on a fixed-rate loan are set from the outset and remain unchanged for the life of the loan. They make it simple to plan for payments and eliminate unpleasant shocks when interest rates change.
  • Variable – interest rates on a variable-rate mortgage change as the market does or as the Bank of England decides. Therefore, you may benefit from low rates, but would have to fork up more money when they inevitably rise. It's a risk for those who like taking chances, but the lack of predictability makes it more difficult to set aside money for payments in advance.
  • Short-term – these loans combine the two types of borrowing. After an initial fixed-rate period, often up to five years, you'll transfer to a variable rate that is determined by your lender and is subject to grow or drop on a monthly basis. If the next five years are an important time period for planning, then short-term rates may be helpful.

What to expect…

Homeowner loans are a popular option for borrowers seeking access to sizable sums of money for purposes like home repair, large purchases, business banking, or debt consolidation.

Typically, the minimum loan amount for one of these is £10,000, and the maximum loan period is 25 years. The amount you may borrow is determined by a number of factors, including your credit history, employment status, and the value of your property as collateral.

You will be limited in how much you may borrow based on your equity position. Lenders may only provide financing for a maximum proportion of the value of your assets, thus if your home is worth £200,000 but you still owe £80,000 on your mortgage, you will only be able to borrow up to £120,000.

When a property is used as collateral for a loan, the borrower is frequently able to borrow more money and pay a cheaper interest rate than they would with an unsecured loan.

If the loan is granted, payments will be made on a monthly basis. Keep in mind that your payment amount may fluctuate from month to month if your mortgage loan has a variable interest rate.

When you apply for a homeowner loan, the lender will look into the property's worth and your ownership status more thoroughly than they would with an unsecured loan.

The advantages and disadvantages of home equity loans are as follows:


✔️ Loans that are backed by collateral often have more manageable interest rates than those that are not.

✔️ You may get a larger loan amount than with an unsecured loan.

✔️ Those with less-than-perfect credit histories may be able to qualify for a loan using this method.


🙅‍♂️ If you are unable to make the loan payments on time, you may end up losing your house as collateral.

🙅‍♂️ For a loan with a variable interest rate, your payments may go up or down. As rates rise, this might lead to a higher bill.

🙅‍♂️ Consolidating many smaller debts into one big one through a secured homeowner loan might increase the total interest you pay over the life of the loan.

🙅‍♂️ There might be hefty setup fees in addition to other costs.

In that light, let's find out: What affects your homeowner loan?

What affects your homeowner loan? (Key factors…)

A variety of criteria determine the sort of mortgage loan that may be obtained. It's true that, as with any loan, a higher credit score means better rates and terms, but there are other factors to consider as well.

The amount of money you have invested into your home, known as “equity”, is also significant. The value of your property has likely risen during the last decade, which is good news. Equity may be calculated by selling the home for a price higher than the mortgage balance.

What kinds of loans you qualify for also depends on your age. Homeowner loan applicants must typically be UK residents for at least the last three years and be between the ages of 25 and 65, but these requirements are subject to change according to the lender.

Proving to a lender that you have the means to pay them back is likewise conventional practice, regardless of whether it’s in Western or emerging markets. What is a homeowner loan plan to use that works?

1. ★ Your goals 

Scale – The amount you want to borrow and the length of time you plan to pay it back should be well-defined when you apply for a mortgage loan. Determine how much you may borrow by calculating the worth of your home or the amount of equity you already own.

You should know that your home is in danger if you fall behind on your loan payments, so you need to be sure you can afford to pay off the whole loan amount.

Credit – You should also examine your credit score to see where you are and what steps you can take to raise it. If you want to improve your chances of being approved for a loan and getting a decent interest rate, you should work to improve your credit score before applying.

APR – Once you're all set to apply, look into homeowner loans from many providers. Take into account not just the interest rate but also any additional expenses, such those for setting up the loan. The annual percentage rate of charge (APRC) is a measure of the overall cost of borrowing, similar to an APR.

Long-term investments guide: Top 2023 Index fund

2. ★ Bad credit?

Can a person with a low credit score acquire a mortgage?

Not everybody has the venture backing of Elon Musk. But even he went to the edge of bankruptcy at one point. A house loan is more accessible to those with less-than-perfect credit than an unsecured loan is, but this doesn't guarantee approval.

It all depends on your situation, however, there are lending organisations that cater to borrowers with less-than-perfect credit. But be wary; you won't get the rock-bottom prices offered, and borrowing always adds up to more money paid back. If you are having trouble making your mortgage payments, it is important to realise that your house is on the line.

Even if your credit isn't perfect, you still may be able to qualify for a mortgage loan. Homeowners with less-than-perfect credit may be able to borrow more money at a lower interest rate with a secured loan against their property.

This is because the lender assumes less risk when your house is utilised as collateral for a secured homeowner loan. Lenders have the right to reclaim foreclosed properties if loan payments are consistently late.

3. ★ Time

A house loan seems to take forever to acquire.

Because of technological advancements and the absence of routine legal labour, these loans may be processed in as little as four weeks. Quickly assembling the necessary paperwork is essential if you want to meet your deadline.

If a physical examination is necessary for a mortgage assessment, the process is taking longer than expected at present. Nevertheless, most mortgage appraisals are performed “desktop”, which significantly shortens the time required to complete the procedure (Best Savings Bank Accounts).

Homeowner loans – Buying guide… 

No way around it your best mortgage loan rates can really only be found by shopping around. Now you know what a homeowner loan is, let’s explore navigating the markets.

As mortgage loans often involve large sums of money, working with a broker is highly recommended and, in certain cases, required. Improve your credit score to increase your chances of being approved for a low-interest loan from these institutions.

Determine how much you want to borrow in relation to the value of your home, then do the maths on how much you can afford to pay back each month in light of the interest you'll have to pay.

Doing some preliminary investigation on your own is recommended. You may get a good idea of what rates are available by doing a home loan comparison, and then your broker can surprise you with an even better deal.

Our Conclusion…

Possible Substitutes for Secured Mortgage Loans:

What is a homeowner loan? Let’s end our discussion with a look at your balance of options for loans: 

There might be choices outside of secured mortgage loans. Remortgaging your home could be an option if you need to borrow a greater quantity of money, for instance. You may either refinance with your present lender to increase your loan amount or switch to a new lender with a lower interest rate to increase your loan amount.

An unsecured personal loan might be a better option if you're simply looking to borrow a little amount. Your house is not in danger since you are not required to put up collateral for these loans. Yet, the interest rates on these loans are often greater than those on homeowner loans.

Do your homework and be aware of the possible ramifications of taking out different types of credit before making any major financial decisions.

Related Guides:

Related Articles

Best Long Term Personal Loans With Affordable Monthly Payments
Are you looking for ways to handle debt consolidation, pay for home reformations...
Best UK Loans for Self-Employed People
There are different types of loans, from personal loans to business loans. You can...
Can You Pay Off a Loan With a Credit Card?
If you’re paying off an expensive loan and are looking for a cheaper way to clear...
Best Cash Flow Loans for UK Businesses
Does your company require a cash injection to cover financial obligations? It's...